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When we initially think of Chinese culture, traditional Chinese residences frequently come to mind.
However, we have no clear idea what kind of house each is.
However, they may all be recognized as being a part of Chinese architecture. Whether it be their distinctive doors, colors, roofing, or other features.
I’ll attempt to list the most well-known and representative Chinese traditional homes in this post.
Traditional Chinese homes come in a plethora of styles, including both classic and contemporary designs. Almost every province and area in the nation is home to unique antique Chinese homes.
They were constructed in one of two ways, depending on the topography, the materials, the period, and the environment. Additionally, keep in mind that each of China’s numerous ethnic minorities has a unique home construction style.
Some, like the Tulou, about which we will speak later, have nothing to do with the conventional Chinese traditional home. China has some of the most unique houses in the entire world.
The classic courtyard home in Beijing is Siheyuan. These homes are widespread throughout northern China. The courtyard serves as the center of the Beijing Siheyuan. In actuality, a courtyard house might be stated to be what it is.
According to Feng Shui principles, these ancient Chinese homes are constructed on a horizontal axis with the main door always facing south. Some found themselves in a small chamber meant for guests once they had passed the main door.
A short, narrow front courtyard stood ahead. The rooms, the office, and the warehouse were located close to this courtyard.
The room in question became more private as you moved farther inside the house. The family opened the door wider the closer you were to them, granting you access to their second patio.
Finally, there used to be a little shrine in the house that was devoted to the family’s ancestors. The size of the courtyard house increased with the size of the family and could be increased by adding additional courtyards and rooms as the family expanded.
Chinese people living on the Loess Plateau have been constructing their homes in Yaodong caverns for countless years. These Chinese homes include horizontal and vertical rooms on both sides of a sunken courtyard that is formed by the vertical downward construction of the dwellings.
The abundant clay soil of the Loess plateau makes it ideal for cultivation and excavating.
Because it was simpler, the inhabitants of that region of China chose to build their homes beneath the dirt rather than on top of it.
When subterranean, Chinese Yaodong homes offer protection from both cold and heat.
Through an exterior corridor or an underground tunnel, you can reach the houses.
There are settlements in the north that are popular with tourists because they only have Yaodong cave houses.
The Hakka minority in southwest China created the traditional homes known as Fujian Tulou. These Chinese homes were constructed in the Fujian and Guangdong provinces between the 12th and 20th centuries.
They are sizable, land-segmented homes where multiple family reside. The vast inner courtyard, which is often round or rectangular, is visible from all of the family rooms, which are oriented vertically.
The tulou’s interior courtyard may be “empty” or crowded with additional smaller community structures. such as grocery stores, farms, markets, and so forth.
During the May celebrations, some tulou frequently develop into significant tourist attractions. The remaining family here charge visitors to enter and view the tulou. UNESCO has listed many of them as world heritage sites.
The barracks of the English concession had an impact on the Lilong, a particular type of neighborhood that typified Shanghai in the twentieth century. They were China’s first examples of mass housing.
In response to Shanghai’s growing population in the middle of the 19th century, the Lilong emerged (as a result of people fleeing the Taiping Rebellion). Aside from that, due to recent industrialization, to accommodate homes for workers.
They were modest courtyard homes that were lined up facing south and had one or two major lanes that acted as commercial spaces. They had a stone façade at the neighborhood’s entrance as well as several side lanes used for domestic, semi-private purposes.
Although each house’s interior is private, the alleys are a part of the home where food is cooked and kids are nurtured.
The Miao community in southwest China constructed the traditional Chinese homes known as diaojiaolou. Near mountains and rivers, they are typically made of wood and have a larger floor area.
These houses have simple wooden columns supporting them, giving the impression that they are about to collapse. However, in practice they are highly resilient. The house’s occupants and their families often live on the second and third floors, while the bottom floor is typically used as a warehouse.
According to legend, these homes were constructed with one floor above the ground because its original occupants had to protect themselves from wild animals. And this was how they went about it.
More than we have in the past century, Chinese architecture as it relates to their homes has altered significantly over time. Like most of us, the majority of the Chinese urban population now resides in flats, big apartments, or skyscrapers.
However, in many of their designs, several contemporary Chinese architects have tried to combine the old and the new. The Tea House Project, a home south of Tiananmen Square, is among the most well-known.
The primary feature of this home is that it blends the old with the new, as the Chinese and Japanese cultures nearly invariably do. It is traditional on the outside and modern on the inside.
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